The Nigerian Police is the main law enforcement agency in Nigeria today, though there are some other bodies also that equally take part in law enforcement in the country. Presently, the Nigerian police have staff strength of about 371,800. There are currently plans to increase the force to 650,000 by the federal government, adding 280,000 new recruits to the present 370,000.
The NP is a very large organization consisting of 36 State commands and they are grouped into 12 zones as well as 7 administrative organs. The agency is presently being led by IGP Ibrahim Kpotun Idris as the Inspector General of Police appointed by President Muhammadu Buhari few months after he became the president of Nigeria.
Nigeria’s police was first established in 1820 and it started with men and officers from Imo State, in the eastern part of Nigeria. The first person to have the highest rank in all the police in the history of the Nigerian police is commissioner general colonel KK.
Down memory lane
In 1879 a 1,200-member armed paramilitary Hausa Constabulary was formed, marking the beginning of the Nigerian police force long before amalgamation or independence. In 1896 the Lagos Police was established. A similar force, which was the Niger Coast Constabulary, was also formed in Calabar in the year 1894 under the newly formed Niger Coast Protectorate.
In the northern part of Nigeria, the Royal Niger Company later set up the Royal Niger Company Constabulary in and that was in the year 1888 with headquarters located at Kaduna. When the protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were proclaimed in the early 1900s, part of the Royal Niger Company Constabulary later became the Northern Nigeria Police, and part of the Niger Coast Constabulary later became the Southern Nigeria Police.
During the colonial period, most police were associated with local governments, which were the native authorities in these local government areas. In the 1960s; that was under the First Republic, these forces were first regionalized and they were later nationalized.
The NPF is set up to carry out conventional police functions and they are also responsible for all forms of internal security operations in Nigeria; they are responsible also supporting the prison, immigration, and customs services; and for performing military duties within or outside Nigeria as directed.
Plans were announced by the government in mid-1980 to expand the force to 200,000. By 1983, according to the federal budget, the strength of the NPF was almost 152,000, but other sources estimated it to be between 20,000 and 80,000. This was because there was really no reliable data about the number of officers and men in the Nigeria police then.
Reportedly, there were more than 1,300 police stations all over the country scattered across the 36 states of the country and the federal capital territory. Police officers were not usually armed but were issued weapons when required for specific missions or circumstances. But things have changed these days.
The Nigerian police officers and men now bear arms everywhere they go. They were usually deployed throughout the country in times past, but in 1989 Babangida announced that a larger number of officers would be posted to their native areas to facilitate police-community relations in all those communities where they are posted.
Nigerian police recruitment
The Police Service Commission (PSC) always made known when there is job opening in the organization. They usually invite applications from suitably qualified Nigerians for enlistment into the Nigeria Police Force in different categories, depending on what is available in that particular period of time.
Some of the areas where they can require Nigerians to apply are Cadet Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP), Cadet Inspector of Police, Police Constable Andy virtually all the posts available, depending on vacancies available at a particular time.
The Nigeria Police recruitment application begins on dates specified by the authorities of the Nigerian police, that is the Police Service Commission and Closes on dates provided by this same body
Nigeria Police Recruitment –Positions & Qualifications
Some of the positions that Nigerians can apply to in the Nigerian police and the specific qualifications required for those positions are highlighted below
A.) Cadet Assistant Superintendent of Police
- Have a Bachelors Degree or High National Diploma (HND)
- NYSC certificate.
B.) Cadet Inspector of Police
- Have a minimum in any of Ordinary National Diploma (OND), Advanced Level (A Level), National Certificate of Education (NCE) or their equivalent.
- Possession of at least five (5) credit level passes (including Mathematics and English Language) at O’Level
C.) Police Constable
- Have an O’Level certificate or its equivalent with at least five credit level passes including Mathematics and English Language in not more than two sittings.
There are several other positions in the Nigerian police, but space will not permit their mentioning. You can visit the Nigerian police website to get more information about other job openings.
Nigeria Police Recruitment Form – Application Procedure
You must have a functional/working email address before you proceed with the application
Applicants are therefore advices to carefully choose the categories they are eligible for since multiple applications would lead to disqualifications.
Guarantors Form: Before or after the application, the applicant must download a copy of the Guarantor’s Form. This is to be signed by verifiable references from any two of Traditional Rulers, Magistrate, Local Government Chairman, Heads of Educational Institutions attended, Career Civil Servant not below the rank of Grade Level 12, Police Officer not below the rank of CSP, or Military Officer not below the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
Specialists: To apply for a Specialist position in the Nigerian Police, candidates must possess relevant certificates and/or credentials in that particular required technical discipline. This Certificate must be equivalent to the minimum entry qualification(s) of the position applied for.
During application, candidates should also ensure that they click on the Specialists’ Option Button and then select the appropriate field they qualify for from the list of possible positions. Each of the applicants for any of the available posts can submit only one application for the recruitment exercise.