What is ozone layer short answer?

The ozone layer is the common term for the high concentration of ozone that is found in the stratosphere around 15–30km above the earth’s surface. It covers the entire planet and protects life on earth by absorbing harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation from the sun.

What is called ozone layer?

The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth’s stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun’s ultraviolet radiation. … The ozone layer contains less than 10 parts per million of ozone, while the average ozone concentration in Earth’s atmosphere as a whole is about 0.3 parts per million.

What is ozone layer explain to kids?

Ozone is a natural part of Earth’s upper atmosphere. This part of the atmosphere, about 15 miles (24 kilometers) above the surface, is called the ozone layer. It protects people by absorbing harmful rays from the sun. If they reach Earth, these rays can cause skin cancer, eye diseases, and other health problems.

What is ozone layer Class 9?

“The ozone layer is a region in the earth’s stratosphere that contains high concentrations of ozone and protects the earth from the harmful ultraviolet radiations of the sun.”

What is ozone hole Class 10?

The increase in heat and depletion of ozone around the Earth’s Polar Regions is called the ozone hole. … As the ozone molecules are broken down they are now unable to absorb the UV radiations and we experience the intense UV radiation on the earth surface.

What is ozone layer and its importance?

The ozone layer is the part of the Earth’s atmosphere which contains relatively high concentrations of ozone gas, which is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula O3. … The Ozone layer absorbs most of the ultraviolet radiation reaching the earth from the sun.

What is ozone layer and its effects?

The ozone layer is a natural layer of gas in the upper atmosphere that protects humans and other living things from harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.

What is ozone layer for Class 5?

The ozone layer is the layer present in the Stratosphere. It absorbs the harmful ultraviolet rays that come from the sun. Moreover, it causes harmful radiation that has a high concentration of ozone (O3) which is harmful to living beings on the earth.

Where is ozone layer?

the stratosphere
The Earth’s ozone layer. The ozone layer lies approximately 15-40 kilometers (10-25 miles) above the Earth’s surface, in the stratosphere.

How is ozone formed?

Ozone is formed when heat and sunlight cause chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOX ) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), which are also known as Hydrocarbons. This reaction can occur both near the ground and high in the atmosphere.

What is ozone layer made of?

The ozone layer, also called the stratosphere, is composed of the ozone gas (90% of the total ozone in the atmosphere). The ozone has three oxygen atoms, and it is the result of the action of Ultra Violet (UV) radiation on oxygen molecules, composed of two oxygen atoms.

Who discovered ozone hole?

In 1985 Jonathan Shanklin was a junior researcher at BAS when he discovered a hole in the invisible shield that protects us from solar radiation. We catch up with him to learn about his work and how it has made a difference. It’s 36 years since scientists first discovered the hole in the ozone layer.

When did ozone layer form?

Around 600 million years ago
The single oxygen and O2 molecules can then react with each other to form ozone (O3). Around 600 million years ago, a thin ozone layer formed that was capable of protecting life from harmful wavelengths of UV radiation (wavelengths between 200-300 nm).

How many ozone layers are there?

Ozone molecules (O3) have three oxygen atoms. Ozone is found in two different layers in Earth’s atmosphere.

What is the Colour of ozone layer?

The ozone layer is a colorless layer of gas. However, it scatters just enough light at the blue end of the spectrum to give the sky its blue color.

How big is the ozone hole?

9.6 million square miles
This year, NASA satellite observations determined the ozone hole reached a maximum of 9.6 million square miles (24.8 million square kilometers) – roughly the size of North America – before beginning to shrink in mid-October.

Why do we celebrate Ozone Day?

World Ozone Day is observed on September 16, every year. It is celebrated to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone Layer and search for possible solutions to preserve it. … But the energy emanating from the sun would be too much for life on Earth to thrive were it not for the ozone layer.

Is ozone a oxygen?

Ozone is a powerful oxidizing allotropic form of oxygen. It is a pale blue gas and consists of three oxygen atoms. Formed in the ozone layer of the stratosphere, it is harmful to life. Ozone, O3, is an allotrope of oxygen.