How do you use et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

How do you write et al in APA?

The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Here’s how it works: Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

How do you cite 3 authors in APA?

Citing Works With Three or More Authors

Include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year published in all narrative and parenthetical citations APA. Note: The reference entry should list the names of up to 20 authors.

How do you cite 4 authors in APA?

Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.

How many authors are needed to use et al?

Using et al.

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In APA Style in-text citations, when a source has two authors, list both. When there are three or more authors, cite the first author followed by “et al.” APA does not recommend using “et al.” in the reference list. Instead, list up to 20 authors in full.

Can you use et al in reference list?

The term “al.” is an abbreviation of “alii” and, the entire phrase “et al.” always follows at least one person’s name, job position, or title. With that said, “et al.” replaces author names in endnotes, footnotes, and in-text citations; however, it is NOT used in reference lists!

Can et al be used for things?

refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is common in formal and informal writing.

How do you insert et al in Microsoft Word?

If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.

How do you insert et al in Harvard citation?

The first author is as listed on the source material, not alphabetical order. Include the first author only followed by ‘et al. ‘ in the citation but name all authors in the reference list.

How do I add et al to EndNote?

Re: et al in APA style
  1. Go to the EndNote toolbar, select EDIT, OUTPUT STYLES, EDIT APA [version you’re using – for this example, I’m using APA 5th].
  2. In the left column (see attached image), click to select “Author Lists” which is listed just below the “Citations” section.
  3. You will be prompted to save the changes.

How do you use et al in a research paper?

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style Manual: For research papers having three or more authors, MLA states that, for the reference list, the first author’s surname should be cited, followed by a comma, then the rest of the name, followed by “et al.” For in-text citations, the first author’s surname is followed by “et

How do you use et al in the middle of a sentence?

The phrase “et al.”—from the Latin et alii, which literally means “and others”—must always be typed with a space between the two words and with a period after the “l” (since the “al.” is an abbreviation). A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence’s grammar requires it.

What is et al example?

used in academic papers is in references, both for in-text citations and in the reference list. For example, you might see the phrase, “Horowitz et al. (2012) published ground-breaking research,” which means that Horowitz and others published the research.

Do you need after et al?

When using the authors name in your writing you should include the full stop after et al. For example: Burrows et al.

How do you start an email with et al?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others.

Is it OK to use et al in an email?

To avoid a lengthy list, you can use the abbreviation et al. after the first name. Et al. indicates that two or more other authors collaborated in the work.

How do you say et al out loud?

et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would sayet cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

How do you cite a source orally?

Remember to include the following when giving an oral citation: the title, author, date and the author’s credentials or title of publication. You can use key words to develop the phrasing necessary for oral citations, such as: According to. Explains.